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I have a model with a jacket on it as separated object. I don't know how to attach/weight-paint jacket to make it deform without intersections with model and itself.

Some parts of jacket, the edge areas, are double layerd to mimic it's not flat. That makes the job even more difficult because while deforming the jacket upper layers intersect with bottom ones. In addition there is also a belt which is also an separated object.

How not to get lost in all relations between vertices and weights assigned to them from different bones? When I set up weights for one pose they are not matching for another. I can paint this way to endlessness.

I can't manage with those under layers of jacket also. I can't paint them while they are covered. I know I can use face masking mode while weight painting but if I mask upper layers I can't see if they are still intersecting those bottom.

There is also problem with subsurf modifier. When it's on I see the model the way it will look finally but then everything slows down so it's hard to work. On the other hand with disabled subsurf modifier the mesh looks and behave different way so I can't repair all those intersection issues.

Maybe there is some technique or good tutorial that provides inf. how to weight-paint/skin the mesh properly? I attaching screen shots to ilustrate the issue.

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  • $\begingroup$ There is no magic solution for that, you will have to pose the skeleton to the maximum angles you would expect in the animation and weight paint the intersecting parts on the bones that have most influence on those parts. $\endgroup$ – Denis Apr 28 '16 at 13:17
  • $\begingroup$ Ok. I don't expect magic :) But how not to get lost in all relations between vertices and weights assigned to them from different bones. When I set up weights for one pose they are not matching for another. I can paint this way to endlessness. I can't manage with those under layers of jacket also. I can't paint them while they are covered. $\endgroup$ – chraqek Apr 28 '16 at 14:17
  • $\begingroup$ I know I can use face masking mode while weight painting but if I mask upper layers I can't see if they are still intersecting those bottom. There is also problem with subsurf modifier. When it's on I see the model the way it will look finally but then everything slows down so it's hard to work with weights. On the other hand with disabled subsurf modifier the mesh looks and behave different way so I can't repair all those intersection issues. $\endgroup$ – chraqek Apr 28 '16 at 14:47
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There's a few solutions you can try out:

  1. Delete the mesh that's underneath the jacket. Yes, it seems weird to do, but unless the character is taking off the jacket in a scene, you won't have to worry what's underneath.
  2. You could try making deform bones to 'tweak' the body mesh, and parent that to the spine bone (obviously normalizing this after). Or make a deform bone, then the animation bone to control it, whatever your convention is).
  3. If you really want to have your entire character in one file, you could select the torso mesh and make it a separate object, and just add the same armature modifier. Then make a setting in your rig UI to drive the visibility of that torso mesh, depending on your scene.
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Maybe you can try this:

  1. Delete the inside of the garment.
  2. Transfer weights from the body to the garment.
  3. Add solidify modifier to garment after weighting is done.
  4. Modify and correct garment uvs.
  5. Apply solidify modifier to garment if needed after uvs and weighting are done.

I hope this helps. Good luck with your project!

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Use the data transfer modifier.

1- Select the cloth

2- Shift select the rig

3- Ctrl-P to ''Set parent with empty groups''

4- Select the cloth Alone

5- Add the ''Data transfer'' modifier (anywhere in the stack) then within the modifier:

6- Source object - Select your Rigged mesh (body)

7- ''Check'' Vertex Data (first in the list below Source object)

8- Select (highlight) Vertex Group(s)

9- Click Apply

10- Forget about most of your nightmares and forget about destructive solutions.

You may have to do some additional Weight paintings or Shape keys with drivers for the clothes to react the way you want with some flexion but at least, the clothes won't get through your base character as you move your rig with this method.

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