I want to be able to run blender on a server and use it to render images without having to install the GUI on the browser. Is such possible in blender ?
You can use blender with no GUI, directly from a terminal or command line. As long as you can access the remote server (via ssh or remote desktop) you can issue commands to control blender.
The most basic command is
blender -b file.blend
-b will let Render in the background (without UI).
For a detailed list of other options read.