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I want to make an object look dusty and have some scruff on it (like the image directly below), but I am unsure of how to go about this.

The object I'm making.

Notice the dust and smudges on it, that's what I am trying to recreate.

The current render of the objects in Cycles

I've modelled the object but would appreciate some advice or keywords to help do my own research, as you can see the render is a far cry from what I want to end up with. If you need any more information I can provide.

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    $\begingroup$ In order to see the blemishes you should be setting up your lighting in such a way as to give light a chance to bounce around the scene in the same way as the photo. The photo has much more environmental bounces. See this post by ben simmonds about lighting. Texturing and materials go hand in hand with lighting, they can't be divorced from each-other. $\endgroup$ – zeffii Jun 15 '15 at 17:42
  • $\begingroup$ Not sure if you're still monitoring this, but i've put together a glass marble which looks similar to yours: pasteall.org/pic/89892 . It's quite render intensive, but i'll make a lil tutorial as the answer below if you're interested? :) $\endgroup$ – Hexbob6 Jun 26 '15 at 21:49
  • $\begingroup$ If you see an answer that solved your problem, please accept it. Thanks! :) $\endgroup$ – R.M Feb 6 '18 at 17:47
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Decided I'll post a tutorial anyway in case anyone else is curious in the future, as the techniques used are extremely valuable to a variety of different scenes and renders! :)

This is along the lines of what we'll be creating, rendered at 150 samples:

Red Marble Final1

1. To begin, I've used a relatively simple scene setup comprised of a UV Sphere, backdrop and 3 emission Mesh Lights.

Scene Setup1

2. Diving in head first, we'll jump straight on over into the node editor! The basic glass material will be comprised of 2 Shaders, a Glass BSDF mixed with a Glossy BSDF, with a Layer Weight node's Facing output plugged into the Fac input of the Mix Shader. Set the Blend of the Layer Weight node to 0.200. Change the Glass BSDF's light distribution type to GGX, and the IOR to a value of 1.800. Finally, add an RGB node and plug the Colour output of the RGB node to the Colour input of both the Glass BSDF and Glossy BSDF. Change the colour of the RGB node to the values shown in the following screenshot:

RGB Colour1 Progress Image1

3. Now we've got the basic glass set up, let's add in some fingerprints! Glass is rarely ever 100% clean, and unless it's been recently polished or moved by machine it's going to have little bits of human grime on it in the form of fingerprints. We'll add this photorealistic detailing in through the use of a custom 'Finger Print Map', which I created using chain's brushes located here http://chain.deviantart.com/art/fingerprint-brushes-549217 . You can download my Seamless Texture from the imgur album link at the bottom of this post :)

Start by adding a Texture Coordinate, connected via the Object output to a Mapping node. Change the Mapping Node's XYZ Scale values to 0.500 and connect to an Image Texture Node. Open up the 'Fingerprint' texture into this node and set the projection type dropdown from Flat, to Box, with a Blend of 0.500. Finally add in a Mix RGB node and set the blend type to Add. Plug the Image Texture into the add and the Add into the Roughness Input of the Glossy BSDF shader as follows in the screenshot. Finally change the Colour 2 input of the Add node to a more greyish colour, i found changing the RGB values to 0.250 to work quite well. This just helps to mute the fingerprints slightly and make them appear more realistic.

Progress Image2

4. Next comes the scratches! These tiny details will add both roughness and surface texture to the marble, all the while enhancing the realism! Again I created this Seamless Scratch Texture from, well scratch, using KeepWaiting's brush set located at http://keepwaiting.deviantart.com/art/11-Scratch-Brushes-for-PS7-177075258 , again you can download the Normal Map of the texture in the imgur link at the bottom!

Start by duplicating the Mapping and Image Texture Nodes and connecting them up to the Texture Coordinate Node as we did in the previous step. Change the scale of the Mapping Node's XYZ to 2.000 and open up the 'Scratch Normal Map' in the Image Texture node, changing the Colour Space from Colour to Non-Colour Data and the Blend to 0.000. Next, add in a Normal Map node and connect it to the Image Texture and Glass/Glossy nodes as shown in the screenshot. Finally, change the Strength value to 0.100. This will add subtlety to scratches that are really only visible around light sources reflected off the glass, but it'll help sell the weathered effect by a million percent! ;)

Progress Image3

5. The final step! And arguably the most complex, so it'll be easier to explain it by showing, rather than explaining. Using the custom dirt map that I have edited from this original image: https://hmmatthews.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/table_colour.jpg , we will overlay it on top of the glass, adding an effect similar to that caused by limescale and grimey water and dust drying on a window surface... or a marble in this case! :P This image will also be available in the imgur link at the bottom.

Begin by repeating the process of adding in Mapping and Image Texture Nodes, change the XYZ Scale to 1.000, load up the 'Dirt Map' Texture and set the Blend to 1.000. Next add in a Diffuse BSDF (with a colour of that shown in the screenshot) with a Transparent BSDF, and mix them together. Plug the Dirt Map Texture into the Fac input of the Mix Shader. Add a second Mix Shader and insert it as the last node before the Material Output, blending together the rest of the nodes with the 'Dirt Map'. Again plug the 'Dirt Map's input into this second Mix Shader's Fac input, however this time add in a ColourRamp node onto the connecting node branch, and edit the stoppers as shown in the screenshot. This causes that subtle speckled effect that is definitely totally not noise...! (Don't worry it becomes more obvious with more samples!) ;)

RGB Colour2 Progress Image4

6. (Optional Step:) Below are several setup screenshots of my render settings for the final image at the start of the tutorial, using my CPU.

Render Settings

And there you have it, the final result alongside a sweet node Setup! :P

Final Tutorial Result1 Final Node Setup1

And as I mentioned the techniques and textures can be used with a variety of different materials in a variety of different scenes!

Material Presentations1

Hope this helps! :D


Links:-

1) Imgur Link to Custom Maps: http://imgur.com/a/0Fpru

2) KeepWaiting's Scratch Brushes: http://keepwaiting.deviantart.com/art/11-Scratch-Brushes-for-PS7-177075258

3) chain's Fingerprint Brushes: http://chain.deviantart.com/art/fingerprint-brushes-549217

4) Original Dirt Map Image: https://hmmatthews.files.wordpress.com/2012/07/table_colour.jpg

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