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I have been trying to figure this out from these posts:

Storing Face Indices in Data Arrays

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/60713817/how-to-get-data-and-edit-it-on-uv-map-edges

How to get data and edit it on UV map edges?

But I'm just not following well enough to implement any of it!

I do not use the UI of Blender at all, so I never have a cursor, viewpoint etc. I would prefer to keep it this way if possible.

I am just working with the mesh of a cube for now, my code is...a mess from attempting to incorporate parts from the links above (amongst others) but essentially I just read in my mesh, turn it into a bmesh, use uv.smart_project, render the image of the uv_layer in a svg or png so I can see it (either with render.render or exporting the uv_layer directly). I have been trying to 'improve' how it is unwrapped by changing seams and even unwrapping by island but I need to know which faces are which, essentially I need to know if I can treat a heat function across the faces as continuous or if I need to do the individual faces and then handle the discontinuities. I'm very open to alternative ways of figuring out which faces are which too, I tried applying a different colour to each face but that doesn't work on the uv layer, and wouldn't show up when I tried rendering "scene" images!

Thank-you in advance for any help!


Update: I've got some code that is putting a label on each face, but for some reason it doesn't put the label I want, just "text" for all of them. I'm also not sure how to correctly access these, or properly associate them with the custom layer I create...or if that will transfer when I do the UV-unwrapping...

test_object = "/path/to/cube.stl"
bpy.ops.import_mesh.stl(filepath=test_object)
bpy.ops.object.select_all(action='SELECT')
bpy.ops.object.mode_set(mode='EDIT', toggle=True)

indices = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11]
jpg_path = os.path.join("/path/to/save/",
                        'face_labels' + '.jpg')

context = bpy.context
obj = context.edit_object
mesh = obj.data
bpy.ops.uv.unwrap()
bm = bmesh.from_edit_mesh(mesh)

def face_ID(face_ins: list, Mesh=bmesh.from_edit_mesh(mesh)):

    meshdata = bpy.context.active_object.data
    # custom int property on face
    selectionlayer = bm.faces.layers.int.get("Selection")
    # create one if one does not exist
    if not selectionlayer:
        selectionlayer = bm.faces.layers.int.new("Selection")

    for f, i in zip(bm.faces, faces_ins):
        f[selectionlayer] = i

    bmesh.update_edit_mesh(mesh)
    mesh.update()

    return mesh


def face_label(face_ins: list, savepath: str ):

    Mesh = face_ID(face_ins=indices)
    ob = bpy.context.active_object
    bpy.ops.object.mode_set(mode='EDIT')
    me = ob.data
    BM = bmesh.from_edit_mesh(me)   
    bpy.ops.object.mode_set(mode='OBJECT')
    meshdata = bpy.context.active_object.data

    obj = bpy.context.active_object

    for poly, i in zip(meshdata.polygons, range(len(indices))):
        centre = poly.center
   
        bpy.ops.object.text_add(location=centre)
        bpy.ops.object.text_add()
        ob = bpy.data.objects[text]
        ob.data.body = str(i)
    bpy.context.scene.update()

    mesh.update()
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  • $\begingroup$ Have you tried using the facemaps feature ? Facemaps allows you to select multiple faces and keep them in a group, even after geometry modification or UV unwraping. It is available up to Blender 3.6. In version 4 and above, you'll need an addon. $\endgroup$
    – Shaddo
    Commented Apr 8 at 16:55
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the suggestion but I'm on Blender 4.1 unfortunately, do facemaps allow you to tag each face/polygon in some way? Or would it be a case of relying on the order in the facemap not changing? $\endgroup$
    – Ciara
    Commented Apr 9 at 13:49

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