I'd like to replicate the figure below with two cylinders and some rease pencil objects line art. Is there a simple way to do this?

A cylinder inside another cylinder

Here is what I have done so far (I'd rather disable the shadows inside the cylinders): enter image description here

and my blend file if you wish to experiment with my setup.


1 Answer 1


I have one way for you to do this. Although, whether it is simple or not is up for interpretation.

First, let's identify what you want to create. A schematic or scientific schematic is basically known as a Technical Drawing. Rather than being visually illustrative, Technical Drawings are meant to be "constructively informative." That means viewers who "read" these drawings can build, assemble, or model whatever these drawings illustrate. Your schematic has two elements that you want to illustrate, a solid line and a dashed line that is better known as the Hidden Line within this field.

Because Technical Drawings are always drawn orthogonally, our first step is to make sure our drawing renders orthogonally as well. So, set the camera in your scene to Orthographic view from within the properties tab.

enter image description here

In your blend file, you added two separate grease pencil objects to create your line art. I only needed one grease pencil object with one material to hold your modifiers. For organizational purposes, I created two layers within this grease pencil object for you to handle the line art and the dashed line art.

enter image description here

Since your cylinders are generated through Geometry Nodes, I also consolidated your node trees into one single node tree for both of your meshes.

enter image description here

The Hidden Line is nothing more than an inferred line consisting of many smaller lines. To construct this dashed line with a grease pencil stroke, we need a lot of evenly spaced vertices built into this Hidden Line, so that our modifiers can generate these smaller lines. A quick fix was to increase your cylinder topology by segmenting them horizontally as many times as you segmented them vertically.

The first modifier we will add will be the Line Art modifier for these smaller lines. Since these lines are hidden from view, we need to select these non-visible lines by going into the Occlusion parameter of the Line Art modifier. Since there are actually two sets of faces obscuring the camera view, we will change the Occlusion Level Start to 1 and End to 2. 1 is for the first set of occluded lines and 2 is for the second set of occluded lines. Make sure the grease pencil object is set to In Front or the Occlusion parameter will not be available.

The next modifier to add will be the Dot Dashed modifier. This modifier will convert our Hidden Line into a proper dashed line. I made sure this modifier would only affect our Hidden Line by including the layer the dashed lines are contained in. The final modifier will be another Line Art modifier for the solid lines. For this second Line Art modifier, I selected Use Cache so that all the line art would be baked together.

enter image description here

Finally, to get rid of your shadows and meshes, I created a simple Transparent shader material. I made sure to link this material to Object so that I wouldn't have to add it into your node tree. To render in all modes, I "disabled" Blend Mode and switched Alphas for all Colors to 0.000

enter image description here

Hit Render and your schematic should be generated.

enter image description here

Blender 4.0.2

  • $\begingroup$ That's really nice ! (+1) Many thanks. $\endgroup$
    – cjorssen
    Commented Jan 29 at 14:39
  • $\begingroup$ Happy to help. Now that I have another chance to look at this answer, I believe that we could have used just 1 mesh instead of 2 to make this diagram. All the line work was created from the modifiers anyway. $\endgroup$
    – Obfuscate
    Commented Jan 29 at 17:44
  • $\begingroup$ Hopefully, when geonodes works with grease pencils, that kind of tasks will be easier. $\endgroup$
    – cjorssen
    Commented Jan 30 at 9:30

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