I've built a 3D environment that looks like this (I'm using the game engine Monogame; but I don't think the game engine plays a part in this problem)
I'm using external assets for the terrain tiles, given as FBX files (in the graphics shown there are 4 such tiles). The way the FBX files come; they need their path to their texture updated. To get around this I import them into Blender (v3.4), make necessary fixes, and re-export them as new FBX files (producing a version that the game engine is able to deal with).
Essentially, I found two ways to convert the FBX files, (1) by updating the texture file reference, or (2) removing and recreating the material. While between these options 1. is more direct and obvious, I just assumed it shouldn't be a problem to do 2. by copying over any material properties.
But I'm not able to do this perfectly, getting a slightly darker render. It looks like I'm missing a configuration somewhere; possibly expressing something interesting. Whatever it is, I'm curious to know what is wrong with this idea, or where the hidden settings are.
I import the external fbx from a new Blender document deleting all existing objects, then
File > Import > FBX (.fbx), choosing
I change the file reference of the existing Image Texture node (in the Shader Editor) to point to my own copy of the terrain texture
CPT_Terrain_Texture_Atlas_01.png (located in my game-engine folder, the same directory that I export to below). It is also necessary to turn the Alpha up, for some reason the import comes with Alpha = 0 (perhaps it has something to do with the problem?). The only other change I make is 'Apply all transforms' (written into the export script).
I complete the export by running this script (saving the terrain-tile directly to the game engine folder). Without any change to the game engine itself, if I now run my game it will show the top render.
import bpy def exportFbx(filenamepath): bpy.ops.object.transform_apply(location=True, rotation=True, scale=True) bpy.ops.export_scene.fbx(filepath = filenamepath, path_mode = 'STRIP', axis_up = 'Z') exportFbx('Z:\\github\\LSystemsMG\\LSystemsMG\\Content\\terrain-tiles\\CPT_Terrain_M_f_13.fbx')
I start in the same way, (i) open a new Blender file (ii) delete all objects (iii) import the same FBX file. Now, instead of changing the existing texture I delete and replace the existing material; effecting a new Principled BSDF node and Material Output node, I add to this a new Image Texture node and Normal Map node so that they are the same as observed (i.e. I set Normal Map to 'Tangent Space' and draw a connection to the BSDF). With this only the Specular and Roughness components in the Principled BSDF are different, otherwise all settings are the same.
I then export the FBX using the same Python script. This leads my game to producing the second darker render.
All the Material properties and properties in the Shader Editor are the same in both cases at time of export.