# Batch generate preview/thumbnail image for old files?

I got hundreds of old files (some are from 2.4x) that need to generate Preview/thumbnail images with the new Blender version. I think the straightforward way is to open and save each files to generate, which is quite inefficient. So I'm wondering a quicker way to do this automatically. (via a command line or bat file?)

### Thumbnail extraction via Python

The most current thumbnailer is maintained by ideasman42:

https://github.com/dfelinto/blender-git/blob/master/release/bin/blender-thumbnailer.py

It extracts thumbnail that is stored in a blend file for use with a file manager.

Usage: blender-thumbnailer.py <input.blend> <output.png>

e.g.

python blender-thumbnailer.py test.blend test.png


### Batch rendering via command line

Alternatively you could batch process the .blend files from a .bat file:

for %%f in (*.blend) do (
blender %%~nf.blend -b -o //%%~nf -F PNG -x 1 -f 1
)


See also the documentation of command line parameters.

In order to set a fixed thumbnail size you would (probably) invoke a python script (-P script_name.py) that sets the render size.

Something like this size.py (didn't work for me):

import bpy

bpy.data.scenes[0].render.resolution_x = 128
bpy.data.scenes[0].render.resolution_y = 128
bpy.data.scenes[0].render.resolution_percentage = 100


In Blenders installation directory is a file "BlendThumb64.dll" which is registered during installation or

C:\Program Files\Blender Foundation\Blender>blender -R
Registering file extension...success (user)


Running as administrator would register .blend for all users.

I'm not sure whether this is related: In C:\Users\<username>\.thumbnails\normal and C:\Users\<username>\.thumbnails\fail\blender you can find created (or failed) thumbnails.

### Load, render and save

import bpy
import os

filepath = bpy.data.filepath
directory = os.path.dirname(filepath)
image_path = os.path.join( directory , "image.png")
bpy.data.scenes['Scene'].render.filepath = image_path
bpy.ops.render.render( write_still=True )
print("file %s" % filepath )
bpy.ops.wm.save_as_mainfile(filepath=filepath)


blender -b test.blend -P save.py (above script, didn't recreate the embedded thumbnail)

• Thanks stacker, I see your code is working. Actually, The word "thumbnail" I mean is the "thumb icon" for .blend itself, like this. Jan 16 '15 at 10:40
• I didn't figure out how to use the blender-thumbnailer.py and I'm not sure if it meets my need here. Could you tell more about it? Jan 17 '15 at 3:24
• @LeonCheung the blender-thumbnailer.py only extracts a png from .blend, saving a loaded file recreates the thumbnail, my last try was to automate this with a script but it didn't recreate the thumbnail. Sorry Jan 17 '15 at 9:32
• It's OK. Thanks all the same for the nice answer though. It's very inspiring. :) Jan 17 '15 at 10:10

Inspired by stacker's answer:

I built two files, one is a save_prev.py file:

import bpy

bpy.ops.wm.save_mainfile()
bpy.ops.wm.quit_blender()


Another one is a .bat file:

for %%f in (*.blend) do (
<blender_install_path> %%~nf.blend -P save_prev.py
)


For example, if I installed the official Blender (for Windows) all by default, then it may be like this:

for %%f in (*.blend) do (
C:\PROGRA~1\BLENDE~1\Blender\blender %%~nf.blend -P save_prev.py
)


Then, put these two files into the same folder containing all the old files, run .bat.

I found that -b parameter appears not working in this case. That is why I have to open, save and close each file by a separate save_prev.py. Not so effective, I know, but it saves a lot of manual work more or less.

The result is exactly what I want, but I still appreciate any better idea to do this.

• have you tried to supply '-b' as the first parameter, Blender appears to be picky on parameter order. Jan 17 '15 at 9:35
• Yes, I tried to tweak with orders, too. :( And btw, my way got a big disadvange. It cannot operate on those files with space in their filenames. I don't know why yet. Jan 17 '15 at 10:08