# Python, How to Convert Rotations of T-pose Pose Bones in Armature 1 to Pose Bones in Armature 2? Finding Rotational difference

The goal is to get the rotational difference of the bones between Armature 1 and Armature 2 in its T-pose(not exactly), then apply the difference to a pose of Armature 2.

The purpose is so the model of Armature 1 follows Armature 2.

Below is my approach using code from other answers. The code is just for the Right Upper Arm bone, not the entire model which is the goal

Lets say I have two Armatures in normal poses. I want Armature 1 to follow Armature 2. The Armature 1 on the Left is the Source and Armature 2 on the Right is the Target: But the Bones are not Aligned so the rotation is values are different: First, Save the rotation variable of Armature 2 Right Arm, then set the Right Arm bone vector of Armature 2 to vector of Armature 1

Code:

import bpy
from mathutils import Matrix
from mathutils import Quaternion

context = bpy.context
scene = context.scene
RobloxRig = bpy.context.scene.objects['__Rig']
UpperRightArm = RobloxRig.pose.bones["RightUpperArm"]

CloudRig = bpy.context.scene.objects['CloudRig']
CloudRig_UpperRightArm = CloudRig.pose.bones["r_uparm"]

def snap_rotation(source, target):

Ms = source.id_data.convert_space(
pose_bone=source,
matrix=source.matrix,
from_space='POSE',
)

Mt = target.id_data.convert_space(
pose_bone=target,
matrix=target.matrix,
from_space='POSE',
)

_, q, _ = Ms.decompose()
t, _, s = Mt.decompose()

M = (
Matrix.Translation(t) @
q.to_matrix().to_4x4() @
Matrix.Diagonal(s.to_4d())
)

target.matrix = target.id_data.convert_space(
pose_bone=target,
matrix=M,
to_space='POSE',
)

if __name__ == "__main__":
context = bpy.context
scene = context.scene

scene.frame_set(720) #Frame of Normal pose
bpy.context.view_layer.update()

Mt = UpperRightArm.matrix

loc1, rot1, scale1 = Mt.decompose()

NormalRot = Quaternion(rot1)

snap_rotation(
CloudRig_UpperRightArm,
UpperRightArm
)


Now that Bone Vector of Armature 2 is aligned with Armature 1, Save the new rotation, Set it back to normal and get the rotational difference.

bpy.context.view_layer.update()

Mt = UpperRightArm.matrix

loc2, rot2, scale2 = Mt.decompose()

#New Rotation
NextRot = Quaternion(rot2)

#Setting back to normal using from code above values
M = (
Matrix.Translation(loc1) @
rot1.to_matrix().to_4x4() @
Matrix.Diagonal(scale1.to_4d())
)

UpperRightArm.matrix = M

#Getting Difference
RotationalDifference =  NormalRot - NextRot


Output, Just back to normal after taking the value: Now I Change the Frame which moves Armature 1:

scene.frame_set(730)
bpy.context.view_layer.update() This Final part which Doesn't work I set the vector of the Armature 1 to Armature 2 like before then added the difference.

snap_rotation(
CloudRig_UpperRightArm,
UpperRightArm
)

bpy.context.view_layer.update()

Mt2 = UpperRightArm.matrix

loc3, rot3, scale3 = Mt2.decompose()

FinalRot =  RotationalDifference + Quaternion(rot3)

M2 = (
Matrix.Translation(loc3) @
FinalRot.to_matrix().to_4x4() @
Matrix.Diagonal(scale3.to_4d())
)

UpperRightArm.matrix = M2


Here is what's expected: A small difference is that it applies to all bones. If I get one bone it would be easy to get the rest.