I am pretty new to Blender, although I could not find a similar enough question for the problem I am experiencing. When I select an object in my scene, the materials section on the properties panel is completely blank, and likewise if I add a new object. In addition, I am noticing that some of the other properties are missing options as well.
Using Blender 2.83.50
I am using cycles for the render engine, and the options do display when I move to the shading panel (for the material properties). This last picture is the Layers tab, which also looks empty: