I've just got into Blender, and I like it a lot. But as I just switched from a stationary computer to a MacBook, I've got some new problems regarding the numpad. I can use 1-9 perfectly, But I have no idea how to emulate buttons like / (used to enter local view). I've searched the web for an answer, but I can't find any.
When Emulate numpad is enabled in User preferences > Input, \ (often the key below the ⟵ Backspace key) will act as numpad /.
Emulate numpad will also make the number row above the main keyboard act like the numbers on the numpad.
I was looking for how to replace numpad with other shortcuts in blender (I want to buy a keyboard without numpad) and found this question, so it may be the best place to write it for others looking for the same thing.
With newer releases of Blender, there is an addon called Pie Menus Official. After enabling it in User Preferences, pressing Q will display a menu with some options.
I preferred this instead of Emulate Numpad because it keeps the layers shortcuts in the same place.
When you select
More or press 3 it will bring another menu with the remaining operations: