# How to bend a plane? Bend won't bend [duplicate]

I have a subdivided plane (why I need a subdivide modifier and the primitives don't have poly count option is beyond me but I digress) that I want to bend 90 degrees on the X axis.

I looked in google and found out (I think) how to achieve this but I get the following result below, the plane won't bend it will just rotate in the most unpredictable way. So what Am I missing?

Thank you!

• EDIT - Thanks guys for helping. I want to bend something like the image below (side view of the pane)

I tried to to do the same in Edit mode and the plane does bend, but no matter where I place the 3D cursor I get some weird results. and it won't really bend they way I want. I don't understand how to control it. I tried many 3D cursors positions and starting view angles. (left, perspective, top) i just don't get it.

Thank you!

• Do you want to bend or rotate the plane? Because what you've selected in the menu is rotate. Perhaps you can add a little sketch what the result should look like? Commented Aug 4, 2019 at 20:04
• Hey rjg I edited my question with more details about what I want exactly. Thank you!
– Bez
Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 7:09

## There are several way you can bend objects.

If you want to use proportional editing, you can use the following steps.

First add a subdivided plane and switch to edit mode. Activate proportional editing. I think linear falloff is the most suitable option for this task. Switch the pivot point to 3D cursor.

Place the 3D cursor where you want the bend to pivot. You can set the 3D cursor to the position of a vertex by selecting a single vertex and then SHIFT+S > Cursor to selected.

Now select the row of border vertices that will be bend. Press R to rotate, followed by the axis you want to rotate around (X, Y or Z). Adjust the radius of the proportional editing influence by using the mouse wheel.

If you want to use the Curve modifier, you have to use the following steps.

First add a subdivided plane and a path (Add > Curve > Path).

Select the path and switch to edit mode. Bend the path so that it represent the bend profile. In the screenshot I have rotated one half by 90° around the Y-axis centered in the 3D cursor.

Then switch to object mode and add a Curve modifier to the plane. Select the deformation axis. The grab the plane with G and X, Y or Z whichever is you deformation axis and move the mouse cursor until it has the desired shape. Alternatively you can do it the other way around and move the curve.

If you want to use the Simple Deform modifier, you can use the following steps.

First add a subdivided plane, then add a Simple Deform modifier to it. Change the mode to Bend and set the axis to the one you want to bend around.

Now switch to edit mode and select the vertices you want affected by the modifier. With the vertices selected go to the object data tab and create a vertex group. Assign the selected vertices.

Add the vertex group to the modifier.

Switch back to object mode and add an empty (Add > Empty > Plain Axes) and set it as Axis, Origin for the Simple Deform modifier. Rotate the empty by 90° around the axis you want to bend. Then adjust the angle in the modifier to control how large the angle of the bend is. The empty is used a center/pivot for the bend so you can adjust the position to change the radius of the bend.

The Bend tool is a bit unintuitive because depends on your angle of view, the angle between your mouse cursor position between the start and end of the operation, the distance to the 3D cursor and uses the 3D cursor as pivot.

First step is to add and plane and subdivide it. Then switch to edit mode.

Place the 3D cursor where you want the bend to pivot. You can set the 3D cursor to the position of a vertex by selecting a single vertex and then SHIFT+S > Cursor to selected. Alternatively you can switch to orthographic perspective (Toggle with Numpad 5) and view the scene from one of the sides e.g. from the top Numpad 7. Then place the 3D cursor using SHIFT and right click into 3D space.

Once you have that prepared, select the vertices in your plane that you want to affect with the bend. Switch to the perspective from which you want to bend, e.g. if you want the bend to occur along the Y-axis, align your view to the Y-axis.

Press SHIFT+W to activate the bend. Now place your mouse cursor at the distance from the 3D cursor that you want as radius for the bend. Move your mouse cursor around the 3D cursor until your reached the desired angle of bend and confirm by clicking the left mouse button.

• Thank you very much for taking the time to answer it in such a complete way. very much appreciated! I will switch this answer to the solution since it is very thorough and cover all options. Thanks again!
– Bez
Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 17:40
• @Bez You're very welcome! Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 17:41
• Much clearer answer than mine. Thanks. Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 17:56

It's a general rule in Blender that tools used in Object Mode have no access to the an object's mesh.. only its object-level transformation matrix. In fact, in a sense, an Object (as opposed to its mesh/control point components ) is the transformation matrix of the local origin of its components.

To see a more intuitive effect of the object-level 'Bend' tool, try duplicating the plane object a few times in Z (ShiftDZ a bit.. then ShiftR a few times to repeat the last command), put the 3D cursor at the bottom of the stack, the mouse above it, and have a play with it. It 'bends' multiple objects with respect to one another. That's not to say it's a very positive tool.. it's what I imagine learning to play the Theramin must be like.

In Edit Mode, the bend tool will bend a mesh, with parameters set by starting conditions:

• The axis of progressive rotation is the starting angle of view's Z, in and out of the screen.
• The origin of the bend is the cursor position at the start of the operation
• The total angle of bend is set by the rotation of the mouse around the 3D cursor, where 0 is taken to be the angle of the mouse about view Z at the start of the operation. You can rotate by more than 360 degreees.
• The extent of the bend is determined by the distance between the mouse and the 3D cursor.

The tool is most easily used in an orthogonal view down the axis of rotation. Altogether, it's 'quick and dirty'.. not easy to use precisely: it depends on an eyeballed starting position of the mouse, and its final rotation and distance.

For a more controllable bend of a mesh, you have several options:

• The Simple Deform modifier > Bend
• Proportional editing with a linear falloff, rotating in the desired axis about a desired point
• Creating a curve of the line of your bend, and assigning a Curve modifier to the object to be deformed.
• A Lattice modifier.. ..various other deformers

The modifiers are non-destructive, and can be animated/altered at will, or applied: at which point, they are baked into the mesh.

P.S. To simply subdivide a selection of faces/edges, you don't need a modifier.. in 2.8, in Edit Mode, right-click. 'Subdivide' is the first item on the context. menu. You can create a parametrically subdivided plane by selecting 'Grid' from the mesh creation menu.

• Hey Robin thanks for helping, I edited my question with more details. But I think I will just follow your advise and use the curve modifier. thanks again! (I am still used to Max :/ )
– Bez
Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 7:08
• @Bez Ok, got you, see edits to answer. I used to use Max a lot.. personally I find the interface to Blender more closely approaches the ideal of being minimal and complete. I don't miss the Max forest of buttons, I'd rather combine my own simple operations. I do miss the 'Editable Poly' snapshot on the modifier stack, though.. I'd love to be able to put basic transforms of (possibly weighted) mesh selections onto the modifier stack. Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 7:57
• Well I guess in a year or two I will be used to Blender UI. It's true that at the end it's all a matter of familiarity. And blender seems very powerful so I will will stick to it for sure. btw, nothing personal but I switched the solution to the comment below since it is very complete. thank you again!
– Bez
Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 17:37
• @Bez No problem! it's a better answer to your question :) Commented Aug 5, 2019 at 17:55