Beginner here - I saw these art pieces on Instagram, and was very happy to see that it was indeed possible to make a 'light fingerprint/clay' texture on 3D models. Since I was hoping to create a similar look for a character model I'm working on, could anyone please tell me how to create such an effect on a Blender sculpt?
I saw the happy globe on reddit:) You can get a goot fingerprint texture for free from Poliigon.com. https://www.poliigon.com/search?query=Fingerprints
You need to change the render engine to Cycles and create a material while you have an object selected.
Click the "use nodes" button and open the node editor (where the different modes can be chosen).
In the node editor press Shift+A and chose "Image Texture" from the menu. If you use the add-on "Node Wrangler", you can click on the image texture node and press Shift+T to get your mapping node.
You then choose the texture of the fingerprints in the image texture node. You got to create a bump node and plug in your image texture there and then plug the bump to the normal node of the shader you choose. I recommend the principled shader. You could also directly use the displacement node to plug in your image texture. In that case just put a math node in between them and choose the multiply function to control the strenght of the displacement. If you do that you can change to the experimental feature set in the render panel and then go to the Settings section of the material tab and change the material tab from bump to true.
Don't forget to unwrap the mesh object you want to apply the texture on. I hope this works for you as an explanation. It's a very broad question.
Is the shading of the groves (within the fingerprints) supposed to change with the light/camera orientation? If so, you'll want to use a texture to control the normal to the surface (bump/normal mapping). You can find some info here https://docs.blender.org/manual/en/latest/render/blender_render/textures/properties/influence/bump_normal.html
For example, you could use the following material
which, when applied to a UV sphere would produce the following result.
Two textures are used in this example:
- A grayscale texture, with the height map (fingerprint_large_blurred.jpg), which is feed to the bump node.
- A color texture (pastel.jpg) to provide a base color to the
If you implement it like this, when the either the camera, light or object move, the shading on the grooves will be affected.
If you want the exact results, for $10 you can get the same shader that he used: https://blendermarket.com/products/claydoh