Maybe that's not the best title for this question, but I find it hard to describe what I'm trying to do in a generic way, so I'll just describe the situation. My friend and I are designing a human character based on reference photographs, and we got most of the way through modelling the face before realising that we had been modelling in orthographic mode, while the reference pictures were, of course, in perspective. Now, when we look at the model in perspective mode (as it is intended to look in an eventual render or export), it looks totally wrong, as you would expect.
The model looks correct in orthographic mode from both the side and the front. I know roughly how far the real life camera was from the subject, and rough relative locations. As far as I can tell, this should be enough information to figure out where the vertices would need to truly be located in order for what I currently see in ortho to be what I view from the relative camera positions in perspective. My question is similar to this one, and in the best answer there, the author mentions the reason it is impossible in that user's case is the loss of depth. Well, I have the two perspectives they say are necessary, but I can't quite make out how to properly use them.
This is the Python script I have so far that is based on my best guess of how the math should go:
import bmesh import bpy from mathutils import Vector from mathutils.geometry import intersect_line_line as poi #Location of the camera looking at the front view. cf = Vector((0, -12, -0.7)) #Location of the camera looking at the side view. cs = Vector((11, -1.8, -0.7)) #Get bmesh data = bpy.context.object.data bm = bmesh.new() bm.from_mesh(data) for v in bm.verts : #I'll explain my logic for this section in more detail below. fy = 1 / ((1 / (0.029 * 8)) - (1 / (-12 + v.co.y))) fx = v.co.x * fy / (12 + v.co.y) fz = v.co.z * fy / (12 + v.co.y) fp = Vector((fx, fy, fz)) + cf sx = -1 / ((1 / (0.029 * 8)) - (1 / (11 - v.co.x))) sy = v.co.y * -sx / (11 - v.co.x) sz = v.co.z * -sx / (11 - v.co.x) sp = Vector((sx, sy, sz)) + cs p1, p2 = poi(fp, cf, sp, cs) point = (p1 + p2) / 2 v.co = point bm.to_mesh(data) bm.free()
So here's how I arrived at that. First, I look at the front view. For each vertex, I calculate the image distance from the camera, using the formula I found here. The 0.029 is for the 29mm focal length of the real-life camera we used. This becomes the depth value for the front analysis point. I treat the current location of the pixels as though they are the result of a projection, so the x and z of this point of analysis are based directly off of the x and z of the vertex, just scaled down (I figure if the analysis point is 99% of the way from the camera to the vertex, it should be 99% colser to the X and Z axes). I do the same for the side view, then look for the point of intersection (i.e. the point both of these analysis points could have been projected from), and make that the new location of the vertex.
Right now, it doesn't work very well. With cameras placed at the indicated locations, the face ends up looking stretched on the Z axis and/or not wide enough on the X. It does look a little more accurate, I think, but nowhere near what I was hoping. Does anyone know where I went wrong? Suggesting a modification to my method is valid, but rest assured, throwing my method away and showing me a top-down better way of doing it is also very welcome.