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How do you create objects that "defy" gravity like an hot-air balloon?

Then halfway into animation, how do you make the hot-air balloon drop anti-gravity, as it loses heat?

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What kind of object?

Rigid body

An individual rigid body cannot be made anti-gravity, however you can make the entire scene gravity point upwards by changing Z=-9.8 to a positive number in the Scene Gravity settings:

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"Gravity" is a property that can be keyframed, i.e. you can make it change at a given frame.

Cloth or soft body

For cloths and soft bodies you can choose what Gravity each object is feeling. There is a "Field Weight" panel in the Physics settings. There you can change Gravity to a negative number (assuming that you don't change the Gravity scene settings!). The slider won't allow you to do that, but you can just type something like -0.5.

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Again, this can be keyframed.

Instead of keyframing

To reverse gravity at a given location rather than time, you can add a Wind force field (ShiftA > Force Field > Wind), make it point downwards, and changing its falloff type to Tube and falloff Power to something between 1 and 2.

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Here is a scene with a Soft Body hot air balloon, with its Gravity Field Weight set to -0.3 (Scene Gravity is untouched), and with a Wind Force Field at a given altitude (also a Turbolence Force Field for more wiggling):

enter image description here

Here's the blend if you want to look at how it's done

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  • $\begingroup$ Your answers have given me new ideas for winds against objects. Thanks. $\endgroup$ – Rita Geraghty Sep 27 '18 at 9:07
  • $\begingroup$ I'm getting some ideas for using hot & cold airs against objects, but I am thinking hard and not getting there yet. I'd like to use semi-transparent colours for airs so to observe movements of airs against objects: red for hot air and blue for cold air. This is my question and there is a bounty of 50 (two days left). blender.stackexchange.com/questions/119273/… $\endgroup$ – Rita Geraghty Dec 15 '18 at 16:04

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