How can I make of a hole in a hole in a hole by using Blender?
There is an image from this book.(page 22)
Add a UV Sphere SHFT+A > UV Sphere with 48 Segments and 32 Rings.
TAB into Edit Mode and select 97 verticies on the top and press X to delete them.
Select one vertex on the side and press X to delete it.
Select the vertices that make up the edge of the newly created hole and press SHFT + ALT + S and drag the mouse to round them.
EDIT: I noticed that after add a SubSurf Modifier when I was finished that there was some puckering around the hole on the side. In order to fix this with the newly rounded still selected press E + SHIFT + X and Extrude in just slightly.
Add a default Torus by pressing A > Torus. Scale it down by pressing S.
Select a vertex on the side of the Torus and press X to delete it.
Select the vertices that make up the edge of the newly created hole in the Torus and press SHFT + ALT + S and drag the mouse to round them.
Add the hole in the Sphere to the selection and press Space Bar type in "Bridge" and select "Bridge Edge Loops.
Press 1 to go into Front View and delete the vretices on the left half and on the bottom half.
Add a Mirror Modifier check the box next to "Clipping" And Z
Select the vertices that make up the edge of the hole at the top of the Sphere and press E + Z to Extrud them down on the z axis.
With some Loop Cuts in the shafts and some Proportional Editing and a Subsurf Modifier and Smooth Shading.
In Front Ortho View create a circle with 18 vertices, align to view. Use F6 to enter the values. Keep the 3D-Cursor in the center.
Switch to Edit Mode and delete the right half including top and bottom verts.
Select the new top and bottom verts. Connect them with F and subdivide the edge, number of cuts: two.
Move the middle verts a bit towards the middle. Select the two leftmost verts, duplicate them. Then extrude along the X axis. Then select the face and remove the face.
Select everything, go into Top View and use Spin, 10 segments, 360°. 3D-Cursor still in the center?
Select everything, remove doubles and use ALTB to cut a narrow corridor out.
Adjust the view, switch to Face Select Mode and Select the two faces shown. SPACE Bridge Edgeloops.
Repeat for the other side.
Get rid of the Clipping Border with ALTB, select everything and hit CTRLN to recalculate the normals.
Add a Subsurf Modifier with CTRL2 and set the shading to smooth. Adjust the Subsurf to 3 render levels in the modifier settings.
Here is the result:
It would be nice to see what you have tried so far. Anyway I try to give you an idea how it works.
Now you should already have the vertical hole. The process with the horizontal hole is quite similar but you should be able to do it if you watch some Youtube videos on basic modelling.
I hope I could help you.