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I'm trying to create something like this.

enter image description here

This is what I've gotten so far. It's not what I want it to be.

enter image description here

How can I create the shape like in picture 1?

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Something like that ? – Photon Feb 16 at 14:36
up vote 12 down vote accepted

I'll show you how to model it as a one mesh with a clean topology. enter image description here

Start with enabling the Extra Objects add on. Then add a Spiral (Add-->Curve-->Spirals). Play with its settings in a Tool Shelf (T). enter image description here

Convert your curve to the mesh (press Alt+C-->Mesh from Curve). Fill the gaps with the F key (enable F2 add on).
enter image description here

Add the edge loop (Ctrl+R) as pictured below. enter image description here

Use knife (K) to cut away the very top of the cone. Make the topology as pitured below. enter image description here

Add a loopcut between the other two. Snap the cursor to selection (Shift+S-->Cursor to Selected), and scale it evenly with Alt+S. enter image description here

You may now finish modeling and add the edge creases (Shift+R) or create a topology like the one pictured below to make the edge loops for creasing work. enter image description here

Add final two edge loops to crease the blade even more. Enable Subsurf Modifier and smooth the faces. You may also cut the bottom of the drill with the knife to make its base flat. enter image description here

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I'll present two quick ways of achiving a similar result.

1) From a cone:

Shwrinkwrap a Spiral

Create a spiral (you can find it in the menue after enabling Extra Object: Extra Curves add-on) in cone's top view whith the wanted features and project it on the Z-axis to the cone:

enter image description here

Create another guiding profile or duplicate and scale the previous one

enter image description here

Convert both to mesh and fill faces. Then add an edgeloop and scale the vertices on the XY plane.

enter image description here

Result:

enter image description here

2) From scratch:

Array modifier (Object offset)

The idea is to create a profile curve, duplicate it several times around an axis and it smaller and smaller while it goes up.

First thing: create a spikey profile and move it a little bit far away from the origin that represts our rotation axis location pivot.

If you would like to match a given cone, just build the profile starting from a cone's edge or use it as reference.

enter image description here

Add an array modifier pointing to an empty

enter image description here

Increase the number of duplication and tweak the empty's z-location, z-rotation and x=y=z-scale till you are satified with the result

enter image description here

Make a stacked Copy of the modifier, hide the last and apply the first in order to access the baked the geometry. Then create some faces as in the picture:

enter image description here

Delet all but the created faces and unhide the remaining modifier:

enter image description here

Notice that you can still seamslessly add new faces with the array modifier to complete the tip.


Final result after bisect, matcap, smooth shading and edge split modifier:

enter image description here


If you need to keep the profile always the same size, with a constant theread distance, things gets probably harder. I managed to achieve a result with Sverchock nodes, but the setup really depends on what exactly you want to achieve:

enter image description here

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